Quebec City - QC
Québec City is the capital of the province of Quebec in Canada. Quebec City is one of the oldest European settlements in North America. While many of the major cities in Latin America date from the sixteenth century, among cities in Canada and the U.S., few were created earlier than Quebec City. French explorer Jacques Cartier built a fort at the site in 1535, where he stayed for the winter before going back to France in spring 1536. He came back in 1541 with the goal of building a permanent settlement. This first settlement was abandoned less than one year after its foundation, in the summer 1542, due in large part to the hostility of the natives combined with the harsh living conditions during winter.
Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat on 3 July 1608, and at the site of a long abandoned St. Lawrence Iroquoian settlement called Stadacona. Champlain, also called “The Father of New France”, served as its administrator for the rest of his life. In 1665, there were 550 people in 70 houses living in the city. One-quarter of the people were members of religious orders: secular priests, Jesuits, Ursulines nuns and the order running the local hospital, Hotel-Dieu. During the American Revolution revolutionary troops from the southern colonies assaulted the British garrison in an attempt to ‘liberate’ Quebec City, in a conflict now known as the Battle of Quebec. The defeat of the revolutionaries from the south put an end to the hopes that the peoples of Quebec would rise and join the American Revolution so that Canada would join the Continental Congress and become part of the original United States of America along with the other British colonies of continental North America. In effect, the outcome of the battle would be the effective split of British North America into two distinct political entities. The city itself was not attacked during the War of 1812, when the United States again attempted to annex Canadian lands. Fearing another American attack on Quebec City in the future, construction of the Citadelle of Quebec began in 1820. The Americans never did attack Canada after the War of 1812, but the Citadelle continued to house a large British garrison until 1871. The Citadelle is still in use by the military and is also a tourist attraction.
Much of the city’s most notable architecture is located east of the fortification walls in Vieux-Québec (Old Quebec) and Place Royale. This area has a distinct European feel with its stone buildings and winding streets lined with shops and restaurants. Porte St-Louis and Porte St-Jean are the main gates through the walls from the modern section of downtown; the Kent Gate was a gift to the province from Queen Victoria. West of the walls are the Parliament Hill district and the Plains of Abraham. The Upper Town is linked by the Escalier « casse-cou » (literally “neck-breaking” steps) and the Old Quebec Funicular to the Lower Town, which includes such sites as the ancient Notre-Dame-des-Victoires church, the historic Petit Champlain district, the port, and the Musée de la Civilisation (Museum of Civilization). The Lower Town is filled with original architecture and street designs, dating back to the city’s beginnings. Murals and statues are also featured. The Lower Town is also noted for its wide variety of boutiques, many featuring hand-crafted goods.
Quebec City is known for its Winter Carnival, its summer music festival and for its Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day celebrations.
Tourism – www.quebecregion.com
Quebec City – www.villequebec.qc.ca
Le Soleil Newspaper – www.lesoleil.com
Le Journal de Quebec – www.journaldequebec.com
To Find a Family Doctor – www.gamf.gouv.qc.ca
Regie de L’assurance Maladie – www.ramq.gouv.qc.ca
To Register for Regie de L’assurance maladie – www.ramq.gouv.qc.ca/en/citizens/health-insurance/registration/pages/how-to-register.aspx
Hospitals & Clinics
Hopital Saint-Francois d’Assise – www.chudequebec.ca/centre-hospitaliers/hopital-saint-francois-d’assise.aspx
Hopital Jeffery Hale – www.jhsb.ca