Cape Breton - NS

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Cape Breton Island is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.

The 10,311 km2 (3,981 sq mi) island accounts for 18.7% of Nova Scotia’s total area. Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1,385 m (4,544 ft) long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia. The island is east-northeast of the mainland with its northern and western coasts fronting on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; its western coast also forms the eastern limits of the Northumberland Strait. The eastern and southern coasts front the Atlantic Ocean; its eastern coast also forms the western limits of the Cabot Strait. Its landmass slopes upward from south to north, culminating in the highlands of its northern cape. One of the world’s larger salt water lakes, Bras d’Or (“Arm of Gold” in French), dominates the island’s centre.

Cape Breton Island’s first residents were likely Archaic maritime natives, ancestors of the Mi’kmaq. These peoples and their progeny inhabited the island (known as Unama’ki) for several thousand years and continue to live there to this day. Their traditional lifestyle centred around hunting and fishing because of the unfavourable agricultural conditions of their maritime home. This ocean-centric lifestyle did, however, make them among the first indigenous peoples to discover European explorers and sailors fishing in the St Lawrence Estuary. John Cabot reportedly visited the island in 1497.[4] However, European histories and maps of the period are of too poor quality to be sure whether Cabot first visited Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island. This discovery is commemorated by Cape Breton’s Cabot Trail, and by the Cabot’s Landing Historic Site & Provincial Park, near the village of Dingwall.

Much of the recent economic history of Cape Breton Island can be tied to the coal industry.  The island has two major coal deposits.  Tourism in particular has grown throughout the post-Second World War era, especially the growth in vehicle-based touring, which was furthered by the creation of the Cabot Trail scenic drive. The scenery of the island is rivalled in northeastern North America by only Newfoundland; and Cape Breton Island tourism marketing places a heavy emphasis on its Scottish Gaelic heritage through events such as the Celtic Colours Festival, held each October, as well as promotions through the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts.

Whale-watching is a popular attraction for tourists. Whale-watching cruises are operated by vendors from Baddeck to Cheticamp. The most popular species of whale found in Cape Breton’s waters is the Pilot whale.  Cape Breton is well known for its traditional fiddle music, which was brought to North America by Scottish immigrants during the Highland Clearances. The traditional style has been well preserved in Cape Breton, and céilidhs have become a popular attraction for tourists.

Community Links

Water & Sewer – www.cbrm.ns.ca/water-utility.html

Hydro – Nova Scotia Power www.nspower.ca

Natural Gas www.heritagegas.com

Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board – www.cbv.ns.ca

Private Schools

Harbourview Montessori School – www.harbourviewmontessori.ca

Munroe Academy – www.munroeacademy.org

Colleges & Universities

Eastern College Canada – www.easterncollege.ca

Cape Breton University – www.cbu.ca

Government of Nova Scotia

Web: http://www.gov.ns.ca/health/physicians/

The Province of Nova Scotia lists all physicians taking new patients on their website.

Health Link 811

Telephone: 811

Web:  http://811.novascotia.ca/

Medical Services Insurance Program (MSI)

Once you have an address in Nova Scotia, you must call the MSI Registration Department (902) 496-7008 or 1-800-563-8880 (toll-free within Nova Scotia), to start the application process.  Once the 3 month period has passed, your card(s) will be mailed to your home.http://www.gov.ns.ca/health/msi/faq.asp#1

For more information on the Medical Services Insurance Program go to the provincial websitehttp://gov.ns.ca/health/msi/

 

Public Health

Nova Scotia Health Authority – www.nshealth.ca

Hospitals & Clinics

Cape Breton Regional Hospital – www.nshealth.ca/locations-details/cape%20breton%20regional%20hospital

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